目的 初步调查严重精神障碍患者直接监护人精神卫生知识知晓率现状。方法 2017年
12 月—2018 年6 月在重庆市招募选取严重精神障碍患者家属279 人，使用自编一般情况调查表和精神
卫生知识问卷进行调查。结果 （1）279 名监护人监护240 例严重精神障碍患者，39 例患者有2 名监护人
（16.2%）。监护人年龄（54.70±15.26）岁；文化程度：小学及以下144 人，占51.6%，初中89 人，占31.9%，
高中及中专33 人，占11.8%，大专及以上13 人，占4.6%；照料时间为（156.29±61.77）个月。（2）监护人精
Investigation on the mental health knowledge awareness of the guardians of patients with severe mentaldisorders
Objective To explore the mental health knowledge awareness of the guardians of patients
with severe mental disorders. Methods A total of 279 guardians of patients with severe mental disorders in
Chongqing were recruited from December 2017 to June 2018. All the participants were investigated with general
information questionnaire and mental health knowledge questionnaire. Results The 279 guardians took care of
240 patients with severe mental disorders， among which 39（ 16.2%） patients had two guardians. The guardians'
age were（ 54.70±15.26） years. The education level of 144 people was primary school and below， accounting for
51.6%， 89 was junior high school， accounting for 31.9%， 33 was high school and secondary school， accounting
for 11.8%， and 13 was college and above， accounting for 4.6%. The duration of care was（ 156.29±61.77） months.
The guardians' awareness rate of mental health knowledge was 76.2%. The awareness rate of mental health
knowledge among guardians of different educational levels is different in different items. The correctness of
some items is related to the different time of care and the age of guardian. Conclusions The direct guardians
of patients with severe mental disorders show the characteristics of small number of guardians， older age， lower
education level and longer care time. Educational level， age and time of care had influence on the awareness rate
of mental health knowledge.